Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar which last from 29 to 30 days. During the month itself, Muslims around the world are to abstain from eating, drinking, smoking and other sexual activities from dawn till dusk. This is the month to purify the soul and practice self-control. Muslims are to be conscious of their actions and surroundings during this particular month.
It is compulsory for Muslims to fast during Ramadan when reached puberty as long as they are healthy and not suffering from any disabilities or illness be it medical or mental. Many children are encouraged to complete as many fast so that it would be easier for them to be able to fast later in life. Those who are travelling, menstruating, pregnant, breastfeeding are exempted to fast but still have to make up the days missed later.
Suhoor is the meal that is consumed before the sun rises. Muslims are reminded to eat and drink plenty food and drinks to ensure that it will sustain them for the entire day to come. Iftar is the evening meal consumed after the sun had set to break the fast. Most of the time, iftar are eaten with a group of friends and family to rejoice the success they achieved that day. It is recommended for them to start eating dates in an odd number before consuming any other food. It is advised for them not to overeat during iftar as the stomach would not be able to take it.
Zakat is the act of charity which is an utmost important act in Islam as it is one of the five pillars of Islam; which does include Ramadan. It is prompted to Muslims to give a helping hand to others who are in need and less fortunate than us. Muslims would usually give Zakat during this holy month.
Eid Mubarak is the festival that marks the end of Ramadan. Muslims worldwide start celebrating by performing prayers and asking for forgiveness from each other to mark their repentance and acceptance. There will be gathering with family and friends that includes feasts of different choices of foods, delicacies, sweets, drinks and much more. Different cultures provide a distinctive celebration that is colourful and joyful for this day.